For example, let's say an investor wants to invest $10,000 in a particular stock. Instead of buying all $10,000 worth of the stock at once, the investor might choose to invest $1,000 per month over the course of 10 months. By doing this, the investor would be spreading out their investment over time and buying more shares when the price is low and fewer shares when the price is high.
The advantage of dollar cost averaging is that it can help investors avoid making emotional decisions based on short-term market fluctuations. By investing a fixed amount at regular intervals, investors can take advantage of market dips and avoid investing too heavily when the market is at a peak. In addition, dollar cost averaging can help investors build a disciplined investing habit by setting aside a fixed amount for investing each month.
Here is a table that shows how dollar cost averaging works for an investment of $1,000 per month in an investment that earns 8% per annum with a 1% management fee over a 10-year period:
However, it's important to note that dollar cost averaging is not a guaranteed strategy for success. It may not work as well in a market that is consistently trending upwards, as the investor would be missing out on potential gains by investing smaller amounts over time. Additionally, it's important to consider the fees and costs associated with investing, as these can eat into investment returns over time.